This is a more traditional form of periodontal surgery which is still used in our office from time to time. The goal of this procedure is to access heavy tartar deposits that are below the gum line. Patients undergoing this treatment usually have deep pockets between the tooth and gum which are not cleanable or maintainable. The infected gum tissue is trimmed away and uneven bone tissue re-contoured. The surgery usually requires sutures and two or three post-surgical visits. Although this is still an effective way of treating gum disease, new and more sophisticated procedures such as laser surgery and regenerative surgery (bone grafting) are used routinely today.